interesting message What necessary words..
interesting message What necessary words..
Metropolitan similarly sells to its other member agencies as far north as Ventura County and east nearly to Banning. This water is transported through Metropolitan's system. Some of the water now comes from land fallowing, but this is due to end in two years. Roughly half the imported water comes from this deal, with the other half from Metropolitan. California relies on this extensive network of reservoirs, canals, aqueducts and other infrastructure for two reasons.
One, most of the people live where it isn't rainy. Two, runoff varies greatly from year to year. In , the driest year on record in California, runoff reached just 15 million acre-feet, but runoff quickly rebounded. In , runoff reached a record million acre-feet.
One acre-feet is about , gallons. This rapid up and down in runoff can be smoothed out with California's water storage capacity in most years. If droughts last no longer than about three or four years, the state can get through without too much trouble.
California's water system isn't designed to cope with a shortfall longer than that. So when runoff drops well below average for more than a few years, drought really begins to bite. The Depression -era drought of 34 was the longest and most severe in California's history. The effects were felt statewide, according to the U. Geological Survey. And there were none of the modern network of reservoirs and aqueducts that supply Southern California.
At that time, San Diego County was entirely self-sufficient, relying on local water supplies. That would last until , when the San Diego County Water Authority, which serves nearly all of the county's population, joined Metropolitan. The drought of drought is more pertinent to California's current condition, as the modern network was virtually complete by then. At that time, Metropolitan supplied nearly all the water used in San Diego County.
Water agencies ordered conservation measures much like those imposed in this drought; restrictions on outdoor water use such as watering lawns and washing cars.
In San Diego, then-mayor Maureen O'Connor resisted calls for conservation mandates in favor of voluntary conservation. But as the drought worsened by the beginning of , Metropolitan briefly considered ordering a 50 percent reduction in water use. And since the county got nearly all its water from Metropolitan, the San Diego County Water Authority considered imposing similar cuts. This would have been a rare action for the Water Authority, because restrictions are customarily imposed by local water agencies that sell directly to end users.
The Water Authority's dependence on Metropolitan made such drastic actions inevitable if Metropolitan had actually gone through with the cut, said Snow, who is now director of the nonprofit California Water Foundation.
Pete Wilson helped set up a " water bank " in which Northern California farmers sold water to import to Southern California customers. That effort was successful in blunting the drought's harm in urban areas. And the worst-case of a 50 percent cut was dropped when torrential March rains replenished rivers, reservoirs and the Sierra snowpack. That month entered water history as "Miracle March.
O'Connor, who had said rain was likely, was vindicated against critics such as former city manager John Lockwood, who had retired that March. If she pulls off one more miracle, I'm going to convert to Catholicism," Lockwood was quoted as saying in a March 30, article in the Los Angeles Times.
If she says it's going to snow on Mt. Helix, by gosh, I'll get my skis out. Snow said that since that time, the Water Authority has made great progress both in conserving water and in diversifying its supply, namely through the water importation agreements with Imperial Valley farmers. This time around, the script is different. California entered drought in , and exited it with the wet year of Normally, the end of a drought means the urgency of developing a secure water supply abates.
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Sign up! Related to this story. Nevada Mining Association has a new president. Updated Aug 17, We are mining, and we vote. Mining industry and state share a long history, challenges in the future. Nevada mining innovates and endures. Please fill out this survey to help improve the table. How is drought affecting you? Submit drought impact and condition reports via the Drought Impact Reporter.
Submit report. The U. Box Lincoln, NE — Contact Us Web Policy. Southern Nevada is said to be a growing leader in water conservation. For every gallon put back into Lake Mead, Nevada can also take another gallon out and bring it to the valley as treatable drinking water.The state of California as a whole has suffered a three year drought, but the area that Madera County is in has suffered five years of drought. California has seen many droughts come and go, we.